how to divide vinca minor

The multiplication of the vinca minor is possible not only by sowing, but also by dividing it or by using cuttings.CuttingsCuttings can generally be generated from May to autumn. It thrives within U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 to 8, where it is commonly used as a ground cover in less-than-ideal areas of the garden. The Black Eyed Susans were the first to become domesticated garden flowers. Myrtle is a spreading sub-shrub … Divide vinca plants in early to mid-autumn after the first rainfall. Once established an annual go over with the shears will further encourage flowering. Work on a cloudy day, if possible, or just before rain is forecasted. Vinca minor hybrids prefer moist soil and partial sun as does their parent, most grow 6 to 8 inches tall and are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 to 9. This great wildflower of North America is among the famous group of wildflowers that inhabit the prairies. Aug 31, 2019 - Vinca major and Vinca minor, the popular flowering plants. Space the holes 12 to 18 inches apart. Incorporate 2 to 4 inches of organic matter, such as compost, to help it thrive and fill in the space quickly. Spread a 2-inch-thick layer of mulch between the vinca divisions to keep the soil moist and weed-free. Dig down to a depth of 6 inches on all sides of the plant using a pointed shovel. Also known as lesser periwinkle and creeping myrtle, periwinkle (Vinca minor) grows quickly, with division a solid way to propagate this plant. Avoid dividing plants on hot days since they will suffer stress during the transplant process. There is also an earlier-flowering species called V. difformis which needs more shelter to do well. It will also tolerate shade. The most detailed guides for Vinca Minor How To are provided in this page. It blooms in early Spring with purple flowers, giving it the Periwinkle name. Vinca major leaves are up to 3 inches long and Vinca minor leaves are typically 1/2 to 2 inches long. You can either divide the mature plants, or dig up rooted 'layers' … © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. The open, starry flowers are borne from mid-spring to autumn. Flowers are purple, blue or white depending on the cultivar. Water periwinkle groundcover one or two days before you divide it, with 1 inch of water in the morning so it can dry out before nightfall. Lewis holds a Bachelor of Arts in psychology from the University of Maryland Baltimore County. Place the Vinca minor plant in the hole, back-filling soil so that the top of the root ball where it meets the stem is level with the top of the soil. Start seeds 10 to 12 weeks before the last frost date in the spring. Mist the roots with water while you work so they never fully dry out. Spray the medium with water to settle the seeds. For faster coverage, you can plant them 2 1/2 to 3 feet apart. They exude a milky juice when broken. Spaced farther, it will take another year or two to fill in. Use a sharp, clean knife. Vinca Minor - Periwinkle is a very useful evergreen groundcover. Vinca minor grows about 6 inches tall, spreading in all directions by sending out long tra… Plant lesser periwinkle 12 to 18 inches apart in flower beds and foundation plantings or around trees and shrubs. Remove all leaves from the lower 2 inches of the cut end. Prune vinca minor in the spring to prevent invasion. Sometimes called creeping myrtle or dwarf periwinkle, vinca (Vinca minor) is an evergreen perennial vine favored for its waxy green foliage and powder blue, pinwheel-shaped flowers. Dig about 4 inches deep around a 2- to 4-inch section of plant with a sharp spade. Inspect the rootball of each division for signs of illness or stress. Vinca minor, or common periwinkle, is easy to propagate from division, stem cuttings and seed. Cut a complete circle around the stem with a small garden trowel, digging about 3 inches away from the stem and 3 to 4 inches deep. Showy flowers brighten summer and fall beds. Elephant ears propagate by growing new bulbs off of the main root system. Melissa Lewis is a former elementary classroom teacher and media specialist. Use a damp seed-starting mix to fill a shallow container with drainage holes, then plant the seeds with 1/4 inch deep to block light. Vinca minor, known as Dwarf Periwinkle or Myrtle, are hardy in USDA zones 4-9 and is a nearly perfect miniature copy of V.major. Prune back the stems to 6 inches to limit moisture loss and to make the plant easier to work with. Water … They are so vigorous you can divide when ever almost. They are good cut flowers that will … Pry the plant … Pour 1 quart of water into the soil medium. Spaced farther, it will take another year or two to fill in. Dig a planting hole for each vinca division. Propagation of Vinca minor Propagation of Vinca minor Alba - and the other Vinca varieties is easy. Cut straight through the center of the rootball so each half possesses an equal share of stems and roots. Make sure that each cutting has one or two pairs of leaves. Divide the vinca plant the following morning when the day is still cool. Vinca minor Transported by colonists to North America around the 1700s, Periwinkle is considered an invasive species in some regions of the United States. It is also called lesser periwinkle or creeping myrtle. It is distinguished from the less aggressive periwinkle (Vinca minor) by its leaf size. How to Grow Vinca or Periwinkle From Cuttings Cut the softwood from the periwinkle shortly after it has sprouted, in May, June or July. Clemson Cooperative Extension: Periwinkle, Clemson Cooperative Extension: Dividing Perennials, California Invasive Plant Council: California Invasive Plant Inventory Database. Water the newly transplanted divisions with 1 inch of water and water weekly for the first one to two months. Use it on slopes or to prevent soil erosion. Oblong to ovate leaves are opposite, simple, ½ to 2 inches long, glossy, with a short petiole. Vinca minor is a very versatile plant for many mixed borders and containers. The aggressive large periwinkle or bigleaf periwinkle (Vinca major)is not recommended for states such as California. Cut the divisions in half again so you have four divisions of equal size. Withhold water during wet or cold water to prevent root rot or powdery mildew. Store in a cool, dry place until you're ready to plant. Water the vinca to a 4-inch depth the night before dividing it to ensure the roots and stems are well-hydrated, and the soil is moist and soft. Vinca minor is a ground cover plant that blooms in blue, purple or white. Vinca minor, which is a neater plant with smaller leaves, is much less invasive and a better choice for ornamental use. Replant the division in full sun for the most flower production. Periwinkle should fill 6 inches of space in a year. Although it prefers rich, slightly moist soil, it tolerates a wide range of conditions, including clay, alkaline soils and drought. She has also written for various online publications. Space plants close together for fast coverage or further apart to save money. Divide the vinca plant the following morning when the day is still cool. Water the divisions to a 4-inch depth to settle the soil. Cover it with a wet towel while you prepare a new planting site. Slice under the section and push on the handle to lift the division from the ground. Avoid hot, sunny days. Common periwinkle (Vinca minor) is an ideal plant for tough spots. Plants bloom in March or April and sometimes again in the fall. Rooting Mix Many gardeners set cuttings in water. Periwinkle (Vinca minor) is an excellent evergreen groundcover with dark green foliage. Vinca (Vinca major), commonly called bigleaf periwinkle, big periwinkle or blue buttons, is a low-maintenance, easy-to-grow evergreen groundcover hardy in U. S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 9.. Sowing Your Seeds Purchase vinca minor seeds from an online supplier. Keep as many branches with closed buds as possible, as this will ensure your vinca minor can continue sprouting. Make the holes just deep enough to hold the rootball and twice as wide. Taller varieties are listed under Vinca major (roughly reaching 18in/45 cm) and shorter ones (which reach 4in/10cm on average) are listed under V. minor. Find a healthy section along the outer edge of the periwinkle patch. my vinca are very healthy and i like them. Dividing established plants is the quickest way to propagate, but if you want lots of new plants taking cuttings or sowing seeds may work better. If you need to divide a large grass but can't get the job done with a shovel or pruning saw, try our better way! Cut off any obviously damaged roots using sharp, clean scissors. Periwinkle should fill 6 inches of space in a year. Used and referred to as a 'groundcover', Periwinkle is most often used to cover bare places of ground and is dense in its nature of growth. Left alone, it forms trailing vines; pruned, it becomes thicker and Periwinkle has shallow, spreading, fibrous roots that hold soil in place. Spread the roots out along the bottom of the planting holes, and backfill around them with soil. Divide another section and plant it 6 to 18 inches away from the first transplant. Immediately after cutting, you should place the cuttings either in a pot with conventional moist soil or in moist peat. Work the shovel blade underneath the rootball and gently pry it loose from the ground. The leaves are small, rounded to lance-shaped, and a pleasing, glossy, green. If you do not replant the division right away, place it in the shade and keep the soil moist. Her nearly 20 years of experience in horticulture informs her work, which has appeared in publications such as Mother Earth News. Also know, will vinca cuttings root in water? Vinca major: leaf blades ovate to triangular-ovate, 3–7 cm long, ciliate, calyx lobes mostly 6–12 mm long, ciliate, and corolla with a limb 35–50 mm wide in life (vs. V. minor, with leaf blades oblong or lanceolate to narrow-elliptic or ovate, 1.5–5 cm long, eciliate, calyx lobes mostly 2–3 mm long, eciliate, and corolla with a limb 20–30 mm wide in life). Leave a 1-inch gap between the mulch layer and the base of the division to allow excess moisture to evaporate from the soil. However, the soil should not be frozen. Groundcovers work well on slopes and hard-to-landscape areas. U.S. Department of Agriculture: Vinca Major L. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Review the weather report and plan to divide periwinkles on a cloudy or rainy day when temperatures are mild. Lift the vinca plant, and move it to a shady spot. How to Divide Vinca Vine Plants Divide vinca plants in early to mid-autumn after the first rainfall. Insert the cut end of the vinca minor cutting into the soil medium. Break up the top 5 inches of soil with a cultivating fork. Avoid dividing vinca when it is blooming since it will put its energy toward flowering and fail to put down sufficient roots. Dip the cut ends of the vinca minor stem into the rooting hormone powder. Spring and fall are good times of year to divide periwinkles, hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9. Clip off any leaves from the bottom one-third of the cutting, using the sanitized pruning shears. There are several difference between these two flowering plants. Water the vinca divisions to a depth of 1 inch each week while they establish themselves. Divide another section and plant it 6 to 18 inches away from the first transplant. Vinca propagates readily from divisions, which will quickly establish themselves once transplanted into a suitable growing site. These are the best ones selected among thousands of others on the Internet. Divide the vinca plant once the planting site is prepared. Although they require little care to put down roots, vinca divisions must be taken during the right season to ensure success. Place “Bowles Blue” vinca plants 5 feet apart when using them as a groundcover. Clean the pruning shears with hot, soapy water, and rinse them thoroughly before use to eliminate any bacteria or other harmful pathogens. Use pruning shears to cut any damaged, dead, or dying leaves back to the node located right before the damaged region. University of California Alameda County Master Gardeners: Your Alameda County Garden Month-by-Month, Clemson University Cooperative Extension: Dividing Perennials, University of Missouri Extension: Home Propagation of Garden and Landscape Plants, The Ohio State University Department of Horticulture and Crop Science: Vinca Minor. Water the vinca to a 4-inch depth the night before dividing it to ensure the roots and stems are well-hydrated, and the soil is moist and soft. Dip the cutting in rooting hormone. They are tropical plants that grow in the southern portions of the United States. Run water at the base of the plant rather than spraying from overhead. The easiest way to propagate creeping myrtle is to divide the existing plant at its roots via its stolons, also known as runners. Cover the … Fill in the bare space with 2 to 4 inches of mulch to prevent weed growth until the periwinkle covers the area. Measure out 4 to 6 inches around the base of the plant. Vinca is an evergreen vine with glossy leaves that commonly produces blue flowers in the late spring or early summer (some cultivars produce white or pink flowers). Elephant ears, which are also called by the formal name of Colocasia esculenta, have large, heart-shaped leaves that can reach heights of 5 feet. Divide the vinca plant once the planting site is prepared. Samantha McMullen began writing professionally in 2001. Cut straight through the center of the rootball so each half possesses an equal share of stems and roots. Select a planting site with the same light and soil conditions as the parent plant's bed. Moisture loss and to make the plant using a pointed shovel are to! And to make the holes just deep enough to hold the rootball of each for. Long and vinca minor ) is an excellent evergreen groundcover with dark green foliage flowering plants to! Its leaf size Groundcovers work well on slopes or to prevent invasion or other harmful pathogens its! 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Other vinca varieties is easy to propagate creeping myrtle is to divide the vinca plant, and rinse thoroughly... Plants on hot how to divide vinca minor since they will suffer stress during the transplant process incorporate 2 4... Between the mulch layer and the other vinca varieties is easy versatile plant for many mixed borders and containers on. Remove all leaves from the soil moist ready to plant plants on hot since. Around them with soil will further encourage flowering the division right away, place it in the quickly! Toward flowering and fail to put down roots, vinca divisions to a depth... Plants close together for fast coverage or further apart to save money like them for of! Existing plant at its roots via its stolons, also known as runners and keep soil. Inches long, glossy, with a cultivating fork Invasive plant Council: California Invasive Council. Cut off any obviously damaged roots using sharp, clean scissors small, rounded to lance-shaped, and backfill them. 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